Sequential Code for Observing Process Exchanges (SCOPE)
The SCOPE was developed to encode recorded motivational interviewing
interactions between a therapist and an individual client, with a
particular focus on the sequential information contained in the
exchange between the parties. The system was developed in order
to investigate the relationships between theoretical constructs
important to MI, therapy process more generally, and client
outcomes. The SCOPE adapts and combines two other successful
coding systems: the MISC and the Commitment Language Coding System developed by Paul Amrhein (2000).
An entire session should be coded in a single pass through the
recording. Coders may stop the tape as often as required to
correctly code each utterance. Each session to be coded should be
transcribed, and three copies of each transcript should be made: one to
be kept archived for the duration of the study, one for the parsing
pass, and one for the primary coding. An additional copy of the
parsed transcript may be required if a session is selected for
double-coding. In the parsing pass, coders apply marks to
indicate how each passage has been divided, as detailed in the coding
manual. The same coder or another coder then applies codes
directly onto a copy of the parsed transcript. The codes are
entered sequentially and may be analyzed using the GSEQ software program or another sequential data analysis packages. The SCOPE coding manual can be downloaded here.
Two sessions from the Motivational Interviewing Professional Training
Videotape Series (1998) have been coded using the SCOPE. Video
ordering information and download links for the coded and uncoded
transcripts are given below.
Because examples of low-quality MI are not widely available, we have
created sessions using role-plays with simulated patients for training
purposes. Download links for the audio files and SCOPE-coded and
uncoded transcripts are given below.
Moyers, T. B.,
& Martin, T. (2006). Therapist influence on client
language during motivational interviewing sessions. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 30(3), 245-251.